Publications

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Books and Chapters

M. R. Kumar and M. S. Freund*:  “Self-doped Polymers,” in RSC Polymer Chemistry Series - Conjugated Polymers: A Practical Guide to Synthesis, edited by K. Mullen, J. R. Reynolds, T. Masuda; Royal Society of Chemistry, ISBN: 978-1-84973-799-9; 2013.

M. S. Freund* and B. A. Deore “Self-Doped Conducting Polymers
Wiley and Sons, ISBN: 978-0-470-02969-5, 2007

Journals 

  1. S. Chabi, K. M. Papadantonakis, N. S. Lewis and M. S. Freund: “Membranes for Artificial Photosynthesis” Energy Environ. Sci. (review)
    DOI: 10.1039/C7EE00294G
  2. S. Chabi, A. G. Wright, S. Holdcroft and M. S. Freund: "Transparent Bipolar Membrane for Water Splitting Applications” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces,
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b04402
  3. T. P. Kaloni, G. Schreckenbach and M. S. Freund: “Band Gap Modulation in Polythiophene and Polypyrrole-based Systems” Scientific Reports (Nature)
    DOI: 10.1038/srep36554
  4. K. McEleney, J. P. Bruce and M. S. Freund: “Characterization of High-Aspect Ratio Periodic Structures By X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy” Surface and Interface Analysis,
    DOI 10.1002/sia.6186
  5. A. Gupta, J. P. Bruce, K. McEleney, M. S. Freund and D. R. Oliver: “Monohydride signature as a key predictor of successful Si(110) surface functionalization” RSC Advances, 6: 88239-88243 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA18009D
  6. A. Iyogun, D. A. Buchanan and M. S. Freund: “Analytes Discrimination with Chemically Diverse Sensor Array Based on Electrocopolymerized Pyrrole and Vinyl Derivatives” RSC Advances, 6: 32549-32559 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1039/c6ra03613a
  7. S. K. Ryman, N. D. B. Bruce and M. S. Freund: "Investigation of Conducting Composite Sensor Array Temporal Responses for Machine Olfaction using Artificial Intelligence” Sensors & Actuators: B. 231:666-674 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2016.03.059
  8. B. Amin, T. P. Kaloni, G. Schreckenbach and M. S. Freund: “Materials Properties of Out-of-Plane Heterostructures of MoS2-WSe2 and WS2-MoSe2Appl. Phys. Lett. 108: 063105 (2016)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4941755
  9. T. P. Kaloni, G. Schreckenbach, M. S. Freund and U. Schwingenschlogl: “Current developments in silicene and germanene” Physica Status Solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters 10: 133–142 (2016)
    DOI 10.1002/pssr.201510338
  10. J. P. Bruce, D. R. Oliver, N. S. Lewis and M. S. Freund: “Surface Functionalization of Silicon Microwire Arrays for Improved Junction Behavior in Artificial Photosynthetic Devices” ACS Appl. Mat. & Interfaces, 7: 27160-27166 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b07725
  11. P. Giesbrecht, J. P. Bruce and M. S. Freund: “Electrical Behavior of Thiophene and 3,4 - Ethylenedioxythiophene Functionalized Planar n - Si/PEDOT:PSS Junctions for Artificial Photosynthetic Applications” ChemSusChem, 9: 109-117 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201501231
  12. O. Kang, J. P. Bruce, D. Herbert and M. S. Freund: “Covalent Attachment of Ferrocene to Silicon Microwire Arrays: A Model System for Integration and Characterization of Surface-Bound Molecular Catalysts in Artificial Photosynthetic Devices” ACS Appl. Mat. & Interfaces, 7: 26959-26967 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b07814
  13. M. R. Kumar and M. S. Freund: "Electrically Conducting Collagen and Collagen-Mineral Composites for Current Stimulation” RSC Advances, 5: 57318-57327 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA07500A
  14. M. McDonald, J. P. Bruce, K. McEleney and M. S. Freund: "Reduced Graphene Oxide Bipolar Membranes for Integrated Solar Water Splitting in Optimal pH” ChemSusChem, 8: 2645-2654 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201500538
  15. T. P. Kaloni, M. Modarresi, M. Tahir, M. Roknabadi, G. Schreckenbach and M. S. Freund: "Electrically Engineered Band Gap in Two-Dimensional Ge, Sn, and Pb: A First-Principles and Tight-Binding Approach" J. Phys. Chem. C. 119: 11896-11902 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/jp512993y
  16. A. Iyogun, M. R. Kumar and M. S. Freund: “Chemically Diverse Sensor Arrays Based on Electrochemically Copolymerized Pyrrole and Styrene Derivatives” Sensors & Actuators: B. 215: 510-517 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2015.03.070
  17. T. P. Kaloni, G. Schreckenbach and M. S. Freund: “Structural and Electronic Properties of Pristine and Doped Polythiophene: Periodic Versus Molecular Calculations” J. Phys. Chem. C. 119: 3979-3989 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1021/jp511396n
  18. M. M. McClarty, J. P. Bruce, M. S. Freund, D. R. Oliver: "Piezoresistive Characterization of Bottom-up, n-type Silicon Microwires Undergoing Bend Deformation” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 022107 (2015)
    DOI: 10.1063/1.4906034
  19. J. P. Bruce, S. Asgari, S. Ardo, N. S. Lewis, D. R. Oliver and M. S. Freund: “Measurement of the Electrical Resistance of n-type Si Microwire/p-type Conducting Polymer Junctions for Use in Artificial Photosynthesis” J. Phys. Chem. C. 118: 27742–27748 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1021/jp509211k
  20. T. P. Kaloni, G. Schreckenbach and M. S. Freund: “Large Enhancement and Tunable Band Gap in Silicene by Small Organic Molecule Adsorption” J. Phys. Chem. C.  (2014)
    DOI: 10.1021/jp505814v
  21. M. McDonald, S. Ardo, N. S. Lewis and M. S. Freund: “Use of Bipolar Membranes for Maintaining Steady-state pH Gradients in Membrane-supported Solar-driven Water-splitting” ChemSusChem, 7: 3021-3027 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201402288
  22. M. McDonald and M. S. Freund: “Graphene Oxide as a Water Dissociation Catalyst in the Bipolar Membrane Interfacial Layer” ACS Appl. Mat. & Interfaces, 6: 13790-13797 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1021/am503242v
  23. M. R. Kumar, S. Ryman, Md. Obaej Tareq, D. Buchanan and M. S. Freund: “Chemical Diversity in Electrochemically Deposited Conducting Polymer-based Sensor Arrays” Sensors & Actuators: B. 202: 600–608 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2014.05.120
  24. S. Bhadra, W. Blunt, C. Dynowski, M. B. McDonald, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund, N. Cicek and G. E. Bridges*: “Fluid Embeddable Coupled Coil Sensor for Wireless pH Monitoring in a Bioreactor" IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 63: 1337-1346 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2013.2292279
  25. I. Yahyaie, T. Khaper, P. Giesbrecht and M. S. Freund: “Polymer-based Memory Structures on Copper Substrates”
    J. Electrochem. Soc. 161: D367-D371 (2014)
    DOI: 10.1149/2.100406jes
  26. S. Bhadra, D. Tan, G. E. Bridges, D. J. Thomson and M. S. Freund: “A Wireless Passive Sensor for Temperature Compensated Remote pH Monitoring” IEEE Sensors Journal, 13: 2428-2436 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2013.2255519
  27. T. A. Emadi, C. Shafai, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund, N. White and D. S. Jayas: “Polymer-Based Chemicapacitor Sensor for 1-Octanol and Relative Humidity Detections at Different Temperatures and Frequencies” IEEE Sensors Journal, 13: 519-527 (2013)
    DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2012.2220760
  28. I. Yahyaie, S. Ardo, D. Oliver, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis:  “Comparison Between the Electrical Junction Properties of H-terminated and Methyl-terminated Individual Si Microwire/Polymer Assemblies for Photoelectrochemical Fuel Production” Energy Environ. Sci. 5: 9789-9794 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1039/c2ee23115h
  29. M. R. Kumar, G. M. A. Rahman, D. J. Thomson and M. S. Freund: “Controlling Volatility in Solid-State, Redox-based Memory Devices using Heterojunction Barriers to Ion Transport.” Chem. Com. 48: 9409-9411 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1039/c2cc34557a
  30. M. E. Hossain, G. M. A. Rahman, M. S. Freund*, N. D. G. White, C. Shafai, D. J. Thomson and D. S. Jayas: “Fabrication and Optimization of a Conducting Polymer Sensor Array Using Stored Grain Model Volatiles. J. Agric. Food Chem. (ACS) 60: 2863-2873 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1021/jf204631q
  31. M. E. Hossain, M. S. Freund, D. S. Jayas, N. D. G. White, C. Shafai and D. J. Thomson: “Carbon Black Polymer Sensor Array for Incipient Grain Spoilage Monitoring” Agricultural Research, 1: 87-94 (2012)
  32. T. Senthilkumar, D. S. Jayas, N. D. G. White, M. S. Freund, C. Shafai and D. J. Thomson: “Characterization of Volatile Organic Compounds Released by Granivorous Insects in Stored Wheat” J. Stored Prod. Res. 48: 91-96 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jspr.2011.09.006
  33.  I. Yahyaie, K. McEleney, M. Walter, D. Oliver, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis: “Characterization of the Electrical Properties of Individual p-Si Microwire/Polymer/n-Si Microwire Assemblies” J. Phys. Chem. C. 115: 24945-24950 (2012)
    DOI: 10.1021/jp2088719
  34. S. Bhadra, G. E. Bridges, D. J. Thomson and M. S. Freund: “Electrode Potential-Based Coupled Coil Sensor for Remote pH Monitoring” IEEE Sensor J. 11: 2813-2819 (2011) 
    DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2011.2170563
  35. R. G. Pillai and M. S. Freund: “Self-Assembly of Alkylthiosulfates on Gold: Role of Electrolyte and Trace Water in the Solvent” Langmuir, 27: 9028-9033 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1021/la200945e
  36. M. McDonald and M. S. Freund: “A Novel Conducting Polymer-Heteropoly Acid Hybrid Material for Artificial Photosynthetic Membranes” ACS Appl. Mat. & Interfaces, 3: 1003-1008 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1021/am1010223
  37. I. Yahyaie, K. McEleney, M. Walter, D. Oliver, D. J. Thomson, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis:  “Electrical Characterization of Si-Microwires and their Junction with Conducting Polymer Composites” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2: 675–680 (2011)
    DOI: 10.1021/jz2001375
  38.  S. L. McFarlane, B. A. Day, K. McEleney, M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis: “Designing Electronic/Ionic Conducting Membranes for Artificial Photosynthesis” Energy Environ. Sci., 4: 1700-1703 (2011) Cover article
    DOI: 10.1039/C0EE00384K
  39. M. Pilapil, R. G. Pillai, M. S Freund, J. H. Zhao and D. J. Thomson: “Scaling and Anisotropic Conduction in Electrochemically Deposited Polypyrrole Hybrid Junctions” IEEE Electron Device Letters, 32: 815-817 (2011).
  40. S. Bhadra, G. E. Bridges, D. J. Thomson and M. S. Freund: “A Wireless Passive pH Sensor Based on pH Electrode Potential Measurement” Sensors, 2010 IEEE, 927-930 (2010)
  41. S. L. McFarlane, B. A. Deore, N. Svenda and M. S. Freund: “One-Step, Organic-Solvent Processable Synthesis of PEDOT Thin Films via In Situ Metastable Chemical Polymerization" Macromol. 43: 10241-10245 (2010)
  42. G. M. Suppes, C. G. Cameron and M. S. Freund: “A Polypyrrole/Phosphomplybdic Acid Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) / Phosphtungstic Acid Asymmetric Supercapacitor” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157: A1030-A1034 (2010)
  43. S. Neethirajan, M. S. Freund, D. S. Jayas, C. Shafai, D. J. Thomson and N. White: “Development of Carbon dioxide (CO2) Sensor for Grain Quality Monitoring” Biosys. Eng. 106: 395-404 (2010)
  44. S. Rudenja and M. S. Freund: “Photoexcitation of Intrinsic Plasmon in Emeraldine Electroactive Device” J. Electrochem. Soc. 157: H787-H791 (2010)
  45. J. H. Zhao, D. J. Thomson, M. Pilapil, R. G. Pillai, G. M. A. Rahman and M. S Freund: “Field Enhanced Charge Carrier Reconfiguration in Electronic and Ionic-coupled Dynamic Polymer Resistive Memory” Nanotechnology, 21: 134003 (2010)
  46. R. G. Pillai, M. D. Braun and M. S. Freund: “Electrochemically Assisted Self-Assembly of Alkylthiosulfates and Alkanethiols on Gold: The Role of Gold Oxide Formation and Corrosion” Langmuir, 26: 269-276 (2010)
  47. G. M. A. Rahman, J. H. Zhao, D. J. Thomson and M. S. Freund: “Compensation Doping in Conjugated Polymers: Engineering Dopable Heterojunctions for Modulating Conductivity in the Solid State” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131: 15600-15601 (2009)
  48.  B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: “Self-doped Polyaniline Nanoparticle Dispersions Based on Boronic Acid-Phosphate Complexation” Macromolecules, 42: 164-168 (2009)
  49. M. Schindler, M. S. Freund, F. C. Hawthorne, P. C. Burns and P. A. Maurice: “The Dissolution of Uranophane: An AFM, XPS and SEM study,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 73: 2510-2533 (2009)
  50. J. H. Zhao, D. J. Thomson, R. Gopalakrishna Pillai and M. S. Freund: “Dynamic Resistive Crossbar Memory Based on Conjugated Polymer Composite” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94: 092113 (2009)
  51. M. Schindler, F. C. Hawthorne, M. S. Freund and P. C. Burns: “XPS Spectra of Uranyl Minerals and Synthetics: I. The U4f Spectrum,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 73: 2471-2487 (2009)
  52. M. Schindler, F. C. Hawthorne, M. S. Freund and P. C. Burns: “XPS Spectra of Uranyl Minerals and Synthetics: II. The O1s Spectrum,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 73: 2488-2509 (2009)
  53. B. A. Deore, I. Yu, J. Woodmass and M. S. Freund: "Conducting Poly(anilineboronic acid) Nanostructures: Controlled Synthesis and Characterization," Macromol. Chem. & Phys., 209: 1094-1105 (2008)
  54. R. Gopalakrishna Pillai, J. H. Zhao, M. S. Freund and D. J. Thomson: “Field-induced Carrier Generation in Conjugated Polymer Semiconductors for Dynamic, Asymmetric Junctions” Adv. Mat., 20: 49-53 (2008)
  55. G. Suppes, B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: “Porous Conducting Polymer/ Heteropolyoxometalate Hybrid Material for Electrochemical Supercapacitor Applications,” Langmuir, 24: 1064-1069 (2008)
  56. E. Bravo-Grimaldo, S. Hachey, C. G. Cameron and M. S. Freund: “Metastable Reaction Mixtures for the in situ Polymerization of Conducting Polymers,” Macromolecules, 40: 7166-7170 (2007)
  57.  J. T. English, B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: "Biogenic Amine Vapor Detection Using Poly(anilineboronic acid) Films," Sensors & Actuators: B. 115: 666-671 (2006)
  58. B. A. Deore, M. D. Braun and M. S. Freund: "pH Dependent Equilibria of Poly(anilineboronic acid)-Saccharide Complexation in Thin Films," Macromol. Chem. & Phys.  207: 660-664 (2006)
  59. C. L. Recksiedler, B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: "A Novel Layer-by-Layer Approach for the Fabrication of Conducting Polymer/RNA Multilayer Films for Controlled Release," Langmuir,22: 2811-2815 (2006)
  60. I. Yu, B. A. Deore, C. L. Recksiedler, C. Corkery, A. S. Abd-El-Aziz and M. S. Freund: “Thermal Stability of High Molecular Weight Self-doped Poly(aniline boronic acid),” Macromolecules, 38: 10022-10026 (2005)
  61. B. A. Deore, I. Yu, P. M. Aguiar, C. L. Recksiedler, S. Kroeker and M. S. Freund: “Highly Crosslinked, Self-Doped Polyaniline Exhibiting Unprecedented Hardness,” Chem. Mat. 17: 3803-3805 (2005).  News highlight in Nature
  62. B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: “Reactivity of Poly(aniline boronic acid) with NAD+ and NADH,” Chem. Mat. 17: 2918-2923 (2005)
  63. C. L. Recksiedler, B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: “Substitution and Condensation Reactions with Poly(aniline boronic acid): Reactivity and Characterization of Thin Films,” Langmuir, 21: 3670-3674 (2005)
  64. B. A. Deore, S. Hachey and M. S. Freund: "Electropolymerization and Redox Properties of Self-Doped Poly(aniline boronic acid),” Chem. Mat. 16: 1427-1432 (2004)
  65. B. A. Deore, I. Yu and M. S. Freund: "A Switchable Self-doped Polyaniline: Interconversion Between Self-doped and Non-self-doped Forms " J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126: 52-53 (2004)
  66. B. A. Deore and M. S. Freund: "Saccharide Imprinting of Poly(aniline boronic acid) in the Presence of Fluoride" Invited submission to The Analyst, 128: 803 - 806 (2003) Special Issue: Global Emerging Investigators
  67. C. G. Cameron and M. S. Freund: “Reversible and Efficient Materials-based Actuation by Electrolytic Phase Transformation” Invited Contribution to Chemical Engineering and Technology, 26: 1007-1001 (2003)
  68. C.-C. Hsueh, M.-T. Lee, M. S. Freund and G. S. Ferguson: “Electrochemical Self-Assembly of Monolayers from Alkylthiosulfates on Gold,” Langmuir, 19: 5246-5253 (2003)
  69. E. Shoji and M. S. Freund: “Potentiometric Saccharide Detection on the Basis of pKa Changes of Poly(aniline boronic acid),” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124: 12486-12493 (2002)
  70. C. A. Cameron and M. S. Freund: “Electrolytic Actuators: Alternative, High-performance, Material-based Devices,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99: 7827-7831 (2002)
  71. S. M. Briglin, M. S. Freund, P. Tokumaru and N. S. Lewis: “Exploitation of Spatiotemporal Information and Geometric Optimization of Signal/Noise Performance Using Arrays of Carbon Black/Polymer Composite Vapor Detectors” Sensors and Actuators B, 82: 54-74 (2002)
  72. E. Shoji and M. S. Freund: “Poly(aniline boronic acid):  A New Precursor to Substituted Poly(aniline)s” Langmuir, 17: 7183-7185 (2001)
  73. E. Shoji and M. S. Freund: “Potentiometric Sensors Based on the Inductive Effect on the pKa of Poly(aniline): A Non-enzymatic Glucose Sensor,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123: 3383-3384 (2001)
  74. M. C. Henry, C.-C. Hsueh, B. P. Timko and M. S. Freund: “Reaction of Pyrrole and Chlorauric Acid: a New Route to Composite Colloids” J. Electrochem. Soc. 148: D155-D162 (2001)
  75. D. Kuciauskas, M. S. Freund, H. B. Gray, J.R. Winkler and N.S. Lewis: "Electron Transfer Dynamics in Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide Solar Cells Sensitized with Ruthenium or Osmium Polypyridyl Complexes," J. Phys. Chem. B, 105:392-403 (2001)
  76. S. M. Briglin, M. C. Burl, M. S. Freund, N. S. Lewis, A. Matzger, D. N. Ortiz, P. Tokumaru: “Progress in Use of Carbon Black-Polymer Composite Vapor Detector Arrays for Land Mine Detection,” Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets, Editors Abinash C. Dubey, James F. Harvey, J. Thomas Broach, Regina E. Dugan, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 4038, (2000)
  77. C.-C. Hsueh, M.-T. Lee, M. S. Freund and G. S. Ferguson: “Electrochemically Directed Self-Assembly on Gold,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 39: 1277-1230 (2000)
  78. H.-A. Lin, R. Jaccodine and M. S. Freund: “A Reverse Biased Tip-Insulator-Semiconductor Tunnel Diode Model Accounting for the Delineation of a p/p+ Junction using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy," J. Appl. Phys. 87: 4476-4482 (2000).
  79. J. W. Larsen, M. S. Freund, K. Kim, M. Sidovar and J. L. Stuart: “Mechanism of the Carbon Catalyzed Reduction of Nitrobenzene by Hydrazine,” Carbon, 38: 655-661 (2000)
  80. Y. Liu and M. S. Freund: “Influence of Organic Solvents on the Kinetics of Electron Transfer and Adsorption at Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite,” Langmuir, 16: 283-285 (2000)
  81. C.-C. Hsueh, Y. Liu and M. S. Freund: "Indirect Electrochemical Detection of Type B Trichothecene Mycotoxins," Anal. Chem. 71: 4075-4080 (1999)
  82. C.-C. Hsueh, Y. Liu, M. Henry and M. S. Freund: "Chemically Diverse Modified Electrodes: A New Approach to Sensor Array Design and Implementation," invited submission to Anal. Chim. Acta, 397: 135-144 (1999).  Special Issue: Looking to the Future of Analytical Chemistry
  83. H.-A. Lin, R. Jaccodine and M. S. Freund: “Observation of Tip-Induced Gap States in Lightly Doped Si (100) Using Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74: 1105-1107 (1999)
  84. H.-A. Lin, R. Jaccodine and M. S. Freund: “Elimination of Spectral Shifts Associated with Tip-Induced Band Bending in Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy of Lightly Doped Silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73: 2462-2464 (1998)
  85. M.-T. Lee, C.-C. Hsueh, M. S. Freund and G. S. Ferguson: “Air Oxidation of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Polycrystalline Gold:  The Role of the Gold Surface," Langmuir, 14: 6419-6423 (1998)
  86. H.-A. Lin, R. Jaccodine and M. S. Freund: “Doping Density Dependence of Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy on Lightly Doped Silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72: 1993-1995 (1998)
  87. G. Liu and M. S. Freund: "Controlled Cross-Linking of Polyaniline," Macromolecules, 30: 5660-5665 (1997)
  88. H. Chan, A. Butler, D. M. Falck and M. S. Freund: "Artificial Neural Network Processing of Stripping Analysis Responses for Identification and Quantifying Heavy Metals in the Presence of Intermetallic Compound Formation," Anal. Chem. 69: 2373-2378 (1997)
  89. N. S. Lewis, M. S. Freund and G. A. Hall: “Sensor Systems,” Aerospace, 35: 46-47, (1997)
  90. G. Liu and M. S. Freund: "Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions of Polyaniline with Substituted Benzenediazonium Ions: A Facile Method for Controlling the Surface Chemistry of Conducting Polymers," Chem. Mat. 8: 1164-1166 (1996)
  91. K. Park, M. Richards-Babb, M. S. Freund, J. Weiss and K. Klier: “Surface Structure of Single Crystal MoS2(0002) and Cs/MoS2(0002) by X-ray Photoelectron Diffraction,” J. Phys. Chem. 100: 10739-10745 (1996)
  92. M. S. Freund, C. Karp and N. S. Lewis: “Growth of Thin Processable Films of Polypyrrole using Phosphomolybdate Clusters,” Inorg. Chim. Acta, 240: 447-451 (1995)
  93. M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis: “A Chemically Diverse, Conducting Polymer-Based “Electronic Nose,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 92: 2652-2656 (1995)
  94. M. S. Freund, C. Karp and N. S. Lewis: "Pyrrole-Phosphomolybdic Acid Solutions as a Means for Producing Conducting Poly(pyrrole) Coatings on Insulating Substrates," Current Separations, 13: 3-5 (1994)
  95. M. S. Freund and N. S. Lewis: “Irreversible Electrocatalytic Reduction of VV to VIV Using Phosphomolybdic Acid,” Inorg. Chem. 33: 1638-1643 (1994)
  96. M. S. Freund, J. A. Labinger, N. S. Lewis and J. E. Bercaw: “Electrocatalytic Functionalization of Alkanes using Aqueous Platinum Salts,” J. Mol. Catal. 87: L11-L15 (1994)
  97. M. S. Freund and A. Brajter-Toth: “Semiintegral Analysis in Cyclic Voltammetry-Determination of Surface Excess and Concentration in the Presence of Weak Adsorption and Thin-Films,” J. Phys. Chem. 96: 9400-9406 (1992)
  98. M. S. Freund: “Determination of Surface Excess and Surface Concentration in the Presence of Weak Adsorption using Semiintegral Analysis of Cyclic Voltammetry,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 139: C8-C13 (1992)
  99. M. S. Freund, A. Brajter-Toth, T. M. Cotton and E. R. Henderson: “Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy in the Characterization of Activated Graphite Electrodes,” Anal. Chem. 63: 1047-1049 (1991)
  100. M. S. Freund and A. Brajter-Toth: “Determination of Ultramicroelectrode Array Dimensions at Graphite and One-Dimensional Organic Conductor Electrodes using Simulations, Chronocoulometry and Chronoamperometry,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 300: 347-363 (1991)
  101. M. S. Freund, L. Bodalbhai and A. Brajter-Toth: “Anion-Excluding Polypyrrole Films,” Talanta, 38: 95-99 (1991)
  102. Witkowski, M. S. Freund and A. Brajter-Toth: “Effect of Electrode Substrate on the Morphology and Selectivity of Overoxidized Polypyrrole Films,” Anal. Chem. 63: 622-626 (1991)
  103. M. S. Freund, A. Brajter-Toth and M. D. Ward: “Electrochemical and Quartz Crystal Microbalance Evidence for Mediation and Direct Electrochemical Reactions of Small Molecules at Tetrathiafulvalene-Tetracyanoquinodimethane (TTF-TCNQ) Electrodes,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 289: 127-141 (1990)
  104. M. S. Freund and A. Brajter-Toth: “Ultramicroelectrode Array Behavior of One-Dimensional Organic Conductor Electrodes,” Anal. Chem. 6: 1048-1052 (1989)